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PakAgriFarming

Thursday, August 29, 2013

Vegetables Suitable for Tunnel Farming in Pakistan

Posted by Unknown On Thursday, August 29, 2013

Tunnel farming is not an old concept and it is also becoming popular in Pakistan and large number of tunnels are being seen in the villages of Punjab, Sindh and KPK. Here we are presenting an account of types of tunnels, suitable vegetables for each tunnel type. Sowing dates and P to P & R to R distances are also given here.
Cucumber flowering in a tunnel
On the basis of height, tunnels can be broadly categorized in to 3 types;
Type of tunnel
Height (meters)
Structure
Suitable Vegetables
High Roof Tunnel
4-5 m
T/angle iron, bamboo, pipes
Cucumber, gourds bittergourd, tomato
Walk-in Tunnel
~ 2 m
Iron / zinc pipes
Bell pepper, green chillies, bittergourd, cucumber, brinjal, tomato, gourds
Low Tunnel
~ 1 m
Iron rods, bamboo, mulberry or grewia branches
Bell pepper, green chillies, bittergourd, cucumber, brinjal, tomato,gourds, watermelon, melon
Here is a list of most suitable vegetables recommended by Agriculture Department of Punjab Govt. for cultivation in different types of tunnels. 
Here we have also presented nursery/transplanting and direct sowing (recommended dates) for different vegetables. Common names of vegetables have been used (Urdu names are written for convenience).
High Tunnel
Crop
Nursery Sowing
Transplanting Nursery
Direct Sowing
Plant to Plant Distance
Row to Row Distance
Cucumber
(کھیرا )
-
-
25 oct – to -
15 nov
22.5 – 30 cm
90 cm
Tomato
(ٹماٹر )
1st to 15 oct.
1st to 15 Nov.
-
30-45 cm
90 cm
Gourd
(گھیا کدو )


1st to 15 Nov.
30 cm
90 cm
Bitter gourd
(کریلہ )


1st to 15 Nov.
45 cm
90 cm
Walk-in Tunnel
Crop
Nursery Sowing
Transplanting Nursery
Direct Sowing
Plant to Plant Distance
Row to Row Distance
Cucumber
(کھیرا )
-
-
15 Nov. to 15 Dec.
22.5-30 cm
60 cm
Tomato
ٹماٹر )
1st-15 Oct.
15-25 Nov.
-
30-45 cm
90 cm
Tomato
ٹماٹر )
15-25 Oct.
15-30 Nov.
-
50 cm
150 cm
Gourd
گھیا کدو )
-
-
1st-10 Nov.
30 cm
90 cm
Capsicum/ Bell pepper
شملہ مرچ )
1st-20 Sep.
15 Oct. to 10 Nov.
-
37 cm
60 cm
Green Chilli
(سبز مرچ )
1st-30 Sep.
15 Oct. to 10 Nov.
-
37 cm
60 cm
Bitter gourd
(کریلہ )
-
-
15 Nov. to 30 Nov.
45 cm
90 cm
Brinjal
بینگن )
1st-20 Sep.
15 Oct. to 10 Nov.
-
45 cm
60 cm
Low Tunnel
Crop
Nursery Sowing
Transplanting Nursery
Direct Sowing
Plant to Plant Distance
Row to Row Distance
Cucumber
کھیرا )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
22.5-30 cm
150 cm
Gourd
(گھیا کدو )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
240 cm
Summer Squash
چپن کدو )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
150 cm
Bitter gourd
(کریلہ )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
240 cm
Gourd (Zucchini)
(گھیا توری )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
240 cm
Pumpkin
(حلوہ کدو )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
50 cm
240 cm
Tomato
(ٹماٹر )
15-30 Oct.
15-30 Nov.
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
150 cm
Melon
خربوزہ )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
150 cm
Watermelon
(تربوز )
-
-
1st-15 Dec.
45 cm
150 cm