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  • Pakistan Agriculture and Farming Cover

    Welcome to PakAgriFarming

    PakAgriFarming is commited to high standards in extension of agriculture in Pakistan through simple and factual information and topics related to the hottest issues in Pakistan Agriculture.

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Sunday, September 23, 2012

Agronomic Use Classification of Crops

Posted by Shakil Shaukat On Sunday, September 23, 2012

The major cultivated crops can be classified according to the agronomic purpose. On this basis, the distinguishable groups of crops can be...
I) PULSES (aka Grain Legumes)
The plants belonging to family leguminosae are cultivated for their edible seeds. For example, chickpea,
garden pea, cowpea (lobia), mung bean, mash bean, lentil and pigeon pea.
II) CEREALS (aka Grain crops)
Grasses belonging to family Poaceae which are cultivated for their edible grains are called cereals. They are mostly narrow and long leaved plants without main stem. For example, wheat, rice, maize, barley and sorghum.
The crops cultivated for extraction of oil from their seeds are called  oilseed crops. For example, cotton, brassica, sunflower, peanut, groundnut, sesame, soybean, linseed, castor bean and flax.
The crops grown for their fiber which is the raw material for textile industry are called fiber crops. They are used for clothing, rope making and rugs. For example, cotton, jute, flax, sunhemp and kenaf.
The crops which are grown for grazing of animals and used for making hay, silage, green chop or green manuring are called forage crops. They may be specifically defined, as the crops with dry matter fiber content of about 25%. The cereal crops when harvested as whole and used for animal feed are called “fodder crops”. For example, barseem, shaftal and clovers. They mostly belong to the family graminae or leguminosae.
The crops which are cultivated for extracting sugar juice to make sugar etc. are called sugar crops. For example, sugarcane, sugar beet and sweet sorghum.
The crops which are cultivated for their underground edible parts like bulbs, rhizome, tubers or corms are called root or tuber crops. For example, ginger, garlic, potato, turnip and many others.
The crops which are cultivated for their edible portions like leaves, flowers or fruits are called vegetable crops. The concept of vegetables is associated with garden. And the branch of horticulture which deals with cultivation of vegetables is called “olericulture”. For example spinach, cucumber, gourds, eggplant, okra and tomato.
These crops  are cultivated for the purpose of obtaining condiments. For example, turmeric, garlic, mint, chillies and ginger.
The plants which are serve purpose of medication and used in drug making are called medicinal plants. For example, aloe vera.
These crops are cultivated for narcotic or drug purposes. Their extracts or tissues have hallucinating and calming effects on nervous systems of humans. For example, poppy, opium, tea, coffee and pepper mint. Some of them are also used for medicinal purposes.
For a detailed list of the agronomic crops and their botanical names, see my previous article,